To lessen negative effects on the environment, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and enhancing energy efficiency, the government of Vietnam is working on a master plan for the development of a system of green ports.
Based on data published by the Vietnam Maritime Administration (VMA) from the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the maritime shipping sector’s GHG emissions increased by about 9.6% between 2012 and 2018. (from 977 million tonnes to 1,076 million tonnes). CO2 emissions alone climbed from 962 million to 1,056 million tonnes. Up until 2050, GHG emissions in the sector are anticipated to rise by 50% from 2018. The 50 largest ports in the world incur additional costs from emissions from maritime shipping activities of 12 billion EUR annually, according to data presented at the International Transport Forum 2020. In terms of shipping emissions, 100 seaports worldwide have directly exposed almost 230 million people to those emissions.
VMA’s acting director announced that the Vietnamese administration has released a plan to establish green ports in Vietnam. Green ports in Vietnam will be constructed according to six main criteria, including green port perception; resources usage; environmental quality management; energy use; information technology application; and emission reduction and response to climate ports will begin using the green port model around 2023. National technical standards and criteria for “green ports” will be developed over the years 2023–2025.