Thailand’s Board of Investment (BOI) recently revealed new incentive packages, including, for the first time, a set of special privileges to support expansion by long-standing investors, a comprehensive relocation program covering headquarters as well as research and manufacturing facilities, and a first package for investment in sustainable activities such as the manufacturing of hydrogen vehicles and the setup of electric vehicle (EV) battery swapping stations.
The measures also include premium incentives for industries involving innovation and high technology, such as biotech, nanotech, and advanced materials, support measures for the research and production of novel food, the addition of new economic corridors, or special investment zones, in four regions of Thailand, and the introduction of a special mechanism to improve the ease of doing business by addressing pain points flagged by investors.
The 2023-2027 Investment Promotion Strategy announced in October 2022 aims to help restructure the country’s economy. The strategy sets to encourage technological advancement, the transition to green and smart Industries, talent development, as well as creativity and innovation, to strengthen the country’s status as a regional hub for business, trade and logistics. The strategy also sets five sectors of strategic importance to industrial development as priority industries, namely the bio-circular-green (BCG) sector, the EV supply chain, electronics manufacturing, the digital economy, and creative industries.
Details of the approved measures include:
Retention & Expansion Program
Long-standing investors, meaning companies which over the past 15 years have been granted investment benefits for at least three projects, with a combined investment value of not less than THB 10 billion (USD 265 million), and getting approval for a new project or expansion project with an investment of THB 500 million (USD 14.7 million) or more will receive special incentives including an additional corporate income tax (CIT) exemption for up to 3 years or a 50% CIT reduction for up to five years, depending on the type of activity.
The relocation program will grant an additional CIT exemption for 5 years to companies relocating all their activities, meaning regional headquarters, research and development (R&D) center, and manufacturing facilities to Thailand. The companies relocating their manufacturing and regional headquarters will receive additional 3 years of CIT exemption, while those moving their manufacturing and R&D center will additionally receive between 1 and 5 years of CIT exemption, depending on the industry. All the CIT exemptions apply only to revenue from the relocated manufacturing activities.
Creation of New Industry Categories
To accelerate the move to the new economy, the board approved the creation of new promoted industry sectors, especially sustainable activities, that will receive special incentives. The new categories include the manufacturing of hydrogen vehicles, the setup of electric vehicle (EV) battery swapping stations, novel food, organic food, etc. Regarding renewable energy, the new types of promoted businesses include hydrogen production and related activities, such as green ammonia, as well as power and steam generation from hydrogen.
Advanced Technology Sectors
Premium incentives will be granted to investments in upstream industries entailing innovation and high technology, such as biotech, nanotech, and advanced materials, that involve technology transfer and cooperation with Thailand’s higher education institutions and research entities. Such projects, classified as “A1+” in the BOI’s nomenclature, will be eligible, depending on the activity, for 10 to 13 years CIT exemption without a cap. Wafer fabrication has been upgraded to this category and will be eligible for 13 years CIT exemption, up from 10 years previously.
New Economic Corridors
The board also approved the designation of new economic corridors as special investment zones in four regions of Thailand, covering a total of 16 provinces. Investments in such areas receive a wide range of incentives. The four areas, namely the Northern Economic Corridor, North-Eastern Economic Corridor, Central-Western Economic Corridor, and Southern Economic Corridor, will add to the existing industrial and high-tech development area known as the Eastern Economic Corridor.
Ease of Doing Business
The board also approved the setup of a Sub-Committee on the Resolution of Obstacles and Facilitation of Investment, which, in cooperation with the Prime Minister’s Office and other state agencies, will serve as a special mechanism to further improve the ease of doing business by addressing specific pain points flagged by investors.
The new incentives are effective from January 2023.
(Source: Board of Investment of Thailand)