Orissa International conducted an in-depth market study on the defense sector in 10 countries across Asia – Brunei, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam – for an Australian state government export promotion agency. The objective was to identify countries which present the best prospects for defense companies from the Australian state and highlight sub-sectors they should focus on. The report covered security threats faced by the countries, defense doctrines, modernization plans for the armed forces, along with current and expected defense expenditure, local industry and import patterns. We also looked at responsible government agencies and legislation, trends in cybersecurity threats to the digital economy and critical information infrastructure, and any national strategy or initiatives in place to address these threats. Finally, we outlined the defense procurement process and its perceived transparency, and summarized opportunities, challenges and market entry pathways for foreign companies.